The body posture
To begin with, the best remedy for any ailment is prevention. We must take responsibility for taking care of our health. For this, self-awareness and, above all, the attention to our bad habits is fundamental. In this case, we should look at our position during the activities we do the most (at work, at home, when sleeping, etc.).
If we overload the cervical area with a lot of tension, we will cause long-term bone and muscle imbalances. Therefore, in order not to damage tendons, nerves and vertebral discs, we must monitor the posture when walking, when carrying weight, when sitting, etc. We must self-observe daily to correct postural errors.
Important tips for cervical
Strengthening the cervical is essential to prevent contractures and injuries. However, in the first place, we must take into account these tips:
- Do not carry too much weight or try to balance it between both arms.
- Avoid spending too many hours in the same position.
- Always try to raise your back. Do not store to bend or walk with head down.
- Use the backrest of the chairs and do not arch your back.
- Flex the knees to lift weight. Thus the force will be made by the legs and not by the back.
- To avoid contractures try not to cool the neck and neck area.
- Use pillows and mattresses of the best quality.
- Place the screen of your computer at eye level.
- Use a bag of hot water or seeds to relieve cervical pain.
- Practice daily exercises to strengthen the cervical.
Exercises to strengthen the cervical
Exercise 1: Circles with the head
- To begin to relax all the cervical musculature we will make slow and slow circles with the head.
- During the exercise, the arms should be relaxed on both sides of the body and always with a straight back.
- Start from left to right, for example, and, after 3 repetitions, change the direction of the turn.
- Try, without pain, reach the limit of the stretch making the circles wide open.
- This exercise is repeated 5 times.
- It is advisable to try closed eyes to avoid the feeling of dizziness.
Exercise 2: Raise your shoulders
Another simple exercise to strengthen the cervical is to raise the shoulders. With this movement, we tone the trapezius muscles and the musculature of the shoulder blades.
- The shoulders should rise and fall in a parallel way, although we can make variants by making circles with the shoulders.
- Do 5 repetitions of the exercise combined with the previous ones.
- If we also want to enlarge the musculature of the sternocleidomastoid we can carry weight in each hand.
Exercise 3: Side by side
The last exercise that we propose also very simple and we can do it at any time to strengthen the cervical :
- Make head turns from left to right.
- We must pay attention so that the trunk is still and aligned with the shoulders.
- The head should rotate horizontally and, again, without sudden movements and at maximum stretch.
Exercise 4: Lateral tilt
This exercise is ideal to offer elasticity to the neck muscles. It also helps to decontract the crushed muscles. The movement is very simple:
- Tilting the head as if the ear wanted to touch the shoulder.
- Maximize our ability to stretch.
- Although we often feel some crunching of the vertebrae, the movement should not cause us pain.
- We can repeat it 5 times per side and always in a slow and smooth way, without brusqueness.
- We can help with the hand opposite to the side that we are going to flex.
These 4 exercises should be practiced as a warm-up for any sports activity and as maintenance of our cervical flexibility. If we decide to start with a sport to improve the cervical pains we recommend swimming. This discipline helps to avoid injuries and to exercise all our muscles.